(untitled)

Date Event
1670   HBC founded
The Granting of the Royal Charter by King Charles II in 1670, by E.A. Cox, 1920

The Granting of the Royal Charter by King Charles II in 1670, by E.A. Cox, 1920

First page of the Hbc Charter HBCA 1987/363-C-25/1

First page of the HBC Charter HBCA 1987/363-C-25/1

1779   North West Company (NWC) founded
North West Company coat of arms, 1783-1821 Unknown Artist/Library and Archives Canada/ C-008711

North West Company coat of arms, 1783-1821 Unknown Artist/Library and Archives Canada/ C-008711

1780   Job Brothers founded in Newfoundland
1821   NWC merges with HBC
1845   Henry Morgan and Co. founded in Montreal
Original partnership agreement between Morgan and Smith, January 14, 1845

Original partnership agreement between Morgan and Smith, January 14, 1845

1867   The John Murphy Company founded in Montreal
1871   I.G. Baker has a store in Fort McLeod, Alberta
1872   Robert Simpson Co. founded in Toronto
Early Simpsons store Toronto, at Richmond and Yonge, ca. 1908

Early Simpsons store Toronto, at Richmond and Yonge, ca. 1908

1877   Smallman & Ingram founded in London, Ontario
1888   R.H. Williams opens its large department store downtown Regina
1891   I. G. Baker's Canadian operations acquired by HBC
1892   Woodward Stores Limited founded in Vancouver
Woodward's 1892 store

Woodward's 1892 store

Woodward's downtown Vancouver store, ca. 1940s

Woodward's downtown Vancouver store, ca. 1940s

1899   George Webster Robinson opens a retail store under his name in Hamilton in premises previously owned by the bankrupt F.W. Watkins Company Ltd.
1903   Revillon Frères of Paris begins competing with Hbc in Northern Quebec
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1904   The John Murphy Company is acquired by Simpsons, and continues its activities under the John Murphy name
1907   HBC establishes its Wholesale operations
Hbc tea and coffee plant, Vancouver, 1945 HBCA 1987/363-W-105/21

HBC tea and coffee plant, Vancouver, 1945 HBCA 1987/363-W-105/21

Hbc Jamaica rum bottle, n.d. HBCA 1987/363-W-111/21

HBC Jamaica rum bottle, n.d. HBCA 1987/363-W-111/21

1909   HBC organizes itself in three Divisions: Retail, Fur Trade, and Land
1912   J.F. Cairns Ltd. in existence from at least this year forward
1918   The Archibald J. Freiman Department Store opens in Ottawa
  Lamson and Hubbard Corporation of Boston starts competing with HBC
1922   HBC acquires Cairns and expands in Saskatchewan
Hbc Saskatoon store, n.d. HBCA 1987-363-S-305

HBC Saskatoon store, n.d. HBCA 1987-363-S-305

1922   Creation of S.S. Kresge Limited, the Canadian subsidiary of American retailer S.S. Kresge
1924   HBC acquires Lamson Hubbard's Canadian business
1926   HBC acquires a 51% interest in Revillon Frères
1928   HBC acquires a majority interest in Job Bros.
1929   Montreal's John Murphy store closed and renovated to re-open as Montreal's first Simpsons store
Simpsons, Montreal n.d.

Simpsons, Montreal n.d.

1930   HBC owns partial shares in C.M. Lampson of Montreal and Maclure and Mckinnon Fox Farms of P.E.I.
1931   Zellers is founded
Zellers store front, ca. 1942

Zellers store front, ca. 1942

Walter P. Zeller, n.d.

Walter P. Zeller, n.d.

1937   HBC acquires remaining interest in Revillon Frères and winds up the company, integrating its assets and business with its own
    
1944   Simpsons acquires Smallman and Ingram of London, Ontario
1946   Simpsons acquires R.H. Williams of Regina, Saskatchewan
1950   Joseph Segal founds Fields, a small family clothing store in Vancouver that becomes the foundation of the Fields chain
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1952   Zellers acquires Quebec based Federal 5-10-15¢ to $1.00 Stores Ltd
   American retailer W.T. Grant Company becomes large shareholder of Zellers. It will eventually own up to 51% of the company before selling off its controlling share.
  Simpsons-Sears partnership created
1954   G.W. Robinson is bought by Owen and Owen Ltd. of Liverpool England, the store's British agent and purchaser
1960   HBC acquires Morgan's, converts its Ontario stores to the Hudson's Bay but keeps the Quebec stores operating under the Morgan's name

 

Morgan's visual identity, ca. 1960

Morgan's visual identity, ca. 1960

Morgan's store, Ste-Catherine St., Montreal, 1960

Morgan's store, Ste-Catherine St., Montreal, 1960

1961  

G.W. Robinson merges with Finch Brothers Ltd. of Hamilton, acquiring its King St. W. location where it opened a budget store

HBC winds up its Land Department

1965  HBC introduces "The Bay" banner, converting its retail stores to the new brand except for those former Morgan's stores in Quebec
Bay visual identity, 1964

Bay visual identity, 1965

La Baie visual identity, 1964

La Baie visual identity, 1965

The Bay visual identity, 1964

The Bay visual identity, 1965

The Bay delivery service, 1965

The Bay delivery service, 1965

1967   Creation of Towers Department Stores
Towers sign from store, ca. 1980s

Towers sign from store, ca. 1980s

1972   HBC becomes shareholder of Hamilton retailer G.W. Robinson
  HBC acquires the Shop-Rite catalogue stores
Cover of 1974 Shop-Rite catalogue

Cover of 1974 Shop-Rite catalogue

Cover of 1976 Shop-Rite catalogue

Cover of 1976 Shop-Rite catalogue

  HBC acquires Ottawa retailer A.J. Freiman, Limited
Freimans visual identity, 1972

Freimans visual identity, 1972

Freiman's store, downtown Ottawa, 1964

Freiman's store, downtown Ottawa, 1964

  HBC folds the remaining Morgan's stores into the Bay brand
 
 

 

1976   W.T. Grant sells its controlling interest of Zellers to Fields Stores Limited
  
Cover of Zellers Forum, Fall 1976

Cover of Zellers Forum, Fall 1976

   Zellers successfully reverses the Fields takeover, becoming the owner of Fields, and Fields subsidiary Marshall Wells Limited, a hardware store.
1978   HBC acquires Zellers and maintains it as a wholly owned subsidiary.
Zellers visual identity, ca. 1975

Zellers visual identity, ca. 1975

Zellers store, St. John's, Newfoundland, n.d.

Zellers store, St. John's, Newfoundland, n.d.

   HBC acquires Simpsons and maintains it as a subsidiary
Detail from cover of 1964 Simpsons Annual Report

Detail from cover of 1964 Simpsons Annual Report

Sketches of Simpsons buildings, 1952

Sketches of Simpsons buildings, 1952

Simpsons Queen St store, Toronto. Bay and Richmond corner, ca. 1951

Simpsons Queen St store, Toronto. Bay and Richmond corner, ca. 1951

Queen St. Toronto Simpsons store with the Simpson Tower, 1978

Queen St. Toronto Simpsons store with the Simpson Tower, 1978

1980   G.W. Robinson's 9 stores sold to Joseph Segal and John Levy of Vancouver
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1981   HBC sells its shares in the G.W. Robinson Company to the majority shareholder
1982   HBC closes its unprofitable Shop-Rite Catalogue store chain
1983   Zellers launches Just Kids, a children's clothing chain
Just Kids store, ca. 1983

Just Kids store, ca. 1983

1985   Marshall Wells sold
1987   HBC sells its fur trade operations - the Northern Stores Division - to a group of investors and 415 employees; three years later the company assumes the North West Company name
   HBC sells its Wholesale Division
1988   Just Kids closed
Just Kids visual identity.  Store concept introduced 1983

Just Kids visual identity. Store concept introduced 1983

1989   Simpsons stores in Montreal folded into The Bay brand
1990   Zellers purchases Towers.
1991   All remaining Simpson's stores folded into The Bay brand
1993   HBC acquires Woodward's and converts most of its stores to Bay or Zellers stores
Giant W on top of Woodward's store, Vancouver, 1927

Giant W on top of Woodward's store, Vancouver, 1927

1998   Zellers acquires Kmart Canada and converts its stores to Zellers stores
Kmart visual identity, 1990s

Kmart visual identity, 1990s

1999   HBC launches new Home Outfitters store chain
Home Outfitters visual identity, 1999

Home Outfitters visual identity, 1999

Home Outfitters store, ca. 2000

Home Outfitters store, ca. 2000

2000   HBC launches hbc.com
2004   HBC launches Designer Depot
Designer Depot

Designer Depot

2005   HBC selected Premier National Partner of the Vancouver Organizing Committee for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. The partnership makes Hbc Official Supplier of uniforms to the Canadian Olympic and Paralympic teams through 2020.
2006   HBC is acquired by American businessman Jerry Zucker, who takes it private, thus ending almost 336 years as a publicly-traded company.
2008   HBC sells Designer Depot
HBC is sold to NRDC Equity Partners which owns American retailer Lord & Taylor
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